Backup Jobs

Backup Jobs allows you to configure how JetBackup generates and manages your backups according to your backup job configuration. In this section, you will be able to create, modify and manage your Backup Jobs.

By default, ALL accounts (active and suspended) are included in a backup job. You can adjust which accounts are included by using account filters.

Create New Backup Job

To create a new backup job, click on "+ Create New Backup Job".

backup job page


Example configuration page for the backup job:

create backup job


Job Name

Specify a unique name for your backup job. This will be used internally for your convenience.

Creator

Specify the creator for this Backup Job. This grants the creator and its parent account(s) permission to modify and delete this Backup Job. Please note that the creator specified will also need Can Manage Backup Jobs permission granted under the Permissions section.

Destinations

Specify which destination(s) to transfer/store your generated backups to. You can find more details regarding supported destinations in the Destinations Overview section. Backup Jobs are able to backup to multiple destinations per job.

If a new destination is added, JetBackup will continue with incremental backups on the original destination and generate the initial full backups on the new destination.

Backup Type

JetBackup can perform the following types of backups. Here's a brief explanation for each type:

  • Accounts - Copy files/folders from each account that you choose to include.

You can choose to include/exclude the following:
Panel Configurations
Home directory Files
Databases (Incremental backups is not supported for this type *)
Database Users
Email Accounts/Structure **
FTP Accounts
Cron Jobs
DNS Zones
SSL Certificates

* In the case of an incremental job, all files included in this job are backed up incrementally with the exception of databases. Databases are regenerated and synced to the destination. Each job run will add the disk usage of each database dump file to the backup. If a database did not change from a previous backup, then the database dump file from the previous snap is used instead of creating a new database dump file.
** When choosing the option to backup email structure, the backup will contain the email account structure without the email content. The Exclude Junk option will exclude trash, spam, junk and draft directories from the backup job.


  • Directories - Copy server files/folders that you choose to include (not necessarily related to user accounts).

Exclude Databases

You can choose to exclude databases from the backup job. The excludes can be set to have the backup job only exclude databases that exceed a selected size threshold. To modify which database size threshold to exclude, select Edit Excludes. A popup will appear allowing you to modify the database size threshold you would like to exclude.

Database Excludes


Backup Structure

Backup structures tells how backups are generated and stored. JetBackup supports the following backup structures:

  • Incremental - Backup new and changed data since the previous backup.
  • Archived - Backup data in an uncompressed archive (.tar file format). Uncompressed backups are faster to generate but require more space.
  • Compressed - Backup data in a compressed archive (.tar.gz file format). Compressed backups use less space but take more time to generate.

Compressed/Archived backups only convert the homedir, database, and config file data to their respective formats.

Note: JetBackup 5 stores a Compressed/Archived Backup locally in the JetBackup Workspace before transferring to the destination. The minimal required space for these Backup Structures is 110% of the largest account.

For more information about the Backup structures supported for your destination, go to Destinations Overview.

Retry failed items

When enabled, the retry failed items option allows Jetbackup 5 to retry backing up any failed items during a backup job for one additional time.

Backup Naming Conventions

Backup directory names will differ, depending on two factors: # Backup Type # Backup Structure

Backup Type Backup Structure
Name Backup Type
jetbackup_1_x_... Accounts
jetbackup_2_x_... Directories
Name Backup Structure
jetbackup_x_1_... Incremental
jetbackup_x_2_... Archived
jetbackup_x_4_... Compressed
JB Config Backup
jetbackup_3_4_... JetBackup configuration

Encrypted Backups

Choose whether or not backups will be encrypted on the backup destination. This option is only available with Archived and Compressed Backup Structure. Please note that users/accounts that opts for encrypted backups exclusively will be automatically excluded from all other backup jobs with encrypted backups disabled.

encrypted backup job option

Account Filters

Account Filters allows you to specify conditions on which to include/exclude on you Backup Job(s). By default (no filters added), all accounts (active and suspended) are included in the backup job. Multiple filters may also be applied and are combined by AND/OR statements.

AND - the condition on EACH filter(s) must be met in order for an account to be included in the backup job.

OR - the condition on EITHER filter(s) must be met in order for an account to be included in the backup job.

Newly excluded accounts will NOT have their snapshots cleaned(deleted) automatically unless the snapshots are Orphan/Manual Snapshots. These snapshots will remain on the destination(s) until the account is included or the snapshots fall under the Delete orphan backups older than/Manual Backups TTL.

Create Account Filters

In order to create an account filter, either click on "Manage Account Filters" > "+ Create New Filter" or through the Account Filters section under the Backup Job configuration page.

Example configuration page for a new filter:

create new account filter


Filter Type

  • Accounts Filter - Specify which accounts to Include/Exclude in the backup job.
  • Resellers Filter * - Specify which reseller accounts (includes the reseller's sub accounts) to Include/Exclude in the backup job.
  • Suspension Filter - Specify whether to Include/Exclude suspended accounts in the backup job.
  • Encrypted Filter - Filter accounts to Include/Exclude based on whether they have Encrypted Backups Only enabled.
  • Disk Space Usage Filter - Filter accounts to Include Below/Above (or equals) a specified disk space usage in the backup job.
  • Inode Usage Filter ** - Filter accounts to Include Below/Above (or equals) a specified Inodes (files number) usage in backup job.
  • Packages Filter - Specify which accounts to Include/Exclude by cPanel Packages in the backup job.
  • Characters Range Filter - Specify which accounts to Include/Exclude by characters range in the backup job.
  • Regular Expression Filter - Specify which accounts to Include/Exclude by a regular expression pattern in the backup job.
  • Account Tags Filter - Specify which accounts to Include/Exclude based on the tags they are assigned.
* Reseller Filters only affect the accounts that a reseller account owns, not the reseller account itself. Reseller accounts will be included in the affects of a Reseller Filter if the reseller account owns itself.

** In order to use the Inode Usage Filter, your server/control panel must support a method for JetBackup to obtain inode usage (such as repquota).

Filter Name

Specify a unique name for your account filter(s). This will be used internally for your convenience.

Creator

Specify the creator for this account filter. This grants the creator and its parent account(s) permission to modify and delete this account filter. Please note that the creator specified will also need Can Manage Backup Jobs permission granted under the Permissions section.

Filter Condition

Whatever to included or excluded accounts filtered by this filter.

Filter Examples

Examples of filter results where Filter 1 contains Account 1 & Account 3, and Filter 2 contains Account 2 & Account 3

Legend
  • Included in backup
  • Excluded from backup
Filter 1   Filter 2 Account 1 Account 2 Account 3 Others
Include AND Include
  OR  
  AND Exclude
  OR  
Exclude AND Include
  OR  
  AND Exclude
  OR  

Directories and Files to Include

Select which directories and files you would like to add to your Directories backup job. Click on "Select Files" to use the File Browser or "Insert Multiple" to add multiple paths manually. All includes are relative to the account home directory.

Directories Include

File Browser


Directories and Files to Exclude

NOTE: Directories can be excluded on a per account basis rather than by Backup Job to provide more individualized control over exclusions. This is controlled in the Account Backup Jobs Excludes settings.

Excludes have higher priority than includes.

For example:

  • If /folder1 was excluded and /folder1/file1 was include, JetBackup will still exclude /folder1/file1
  • If /folder1 was included and /folder1/file1 was excluded, JetBackup will exclude /folder1/file1 as expected

Excluding files & folders from backup is a very important feature, and we recommend to use it. Each backup job has it's own exclude list that can be specified and modified. The exclude list will be piped to our sync operation. The supported path format should be in glob pattern.

When using Rsync-Based destinations, rsync (by default) will traverse the excluded directory and all files in the directory but will not write any of the excluded files/directory to the destination if a wildcard is added after the directory you wanted to exclude.

For example:

  • /PATH/TO/DIRECTORY/EXAMPLE/* will exclude all contents in the EXAMPLE/ directory, but will create an empty EXAMPLE/ directory folder when restored.
  • /PATH/TO/DIRECTORY/EXAMPLE/ will completely exclude the EXAMPLE/ directory, and will not create an EXAMPLE/ directory folder when restored.

All excludes are relative to the account home directory. So, different patterns can be used to exclude directories. i.e.
*/lscache/* : Exclude the lscache directory on 2nd level or above
lscache/* or /lscache/* : Exclude the lscache directory on 1st level only
**/lscache/* : Exclude the lscache directory on any level

Specify a file/folder path on the field and click on "Add Path" to add on the exclude list or click on "Insert Multiple" to exclude in bulk.

insert excluding files

Exclude files and folders in bulk:

insert excluding multiple

Here are some recommendations for files/folders to exclude.

*.bkup
*.gz
*.jpa
*.log
*.sql
*.tar
*.tar.gz
*.wpress
*.zip
*/.wysiwygPro_*
*/backupbuddy_backups/*
*/cache/smarty/*
*/com_akeeba/backup/*
*/core.[0-9]*
*/error_log
*/var/amasty_fpc/*
*/var/backups/*
*/var/cache/*
*/var/debug/*
*/var/export/*
*/var/import/*
*/var/log/*
*/var/report/*
*/var/session/*
*/var/tmp/*
*/wp-content/cache/*
*/wp-content/wphb-cache/*
*/wp-content/uploads/wpcf7_captcha/*
*/wp-content/widget-cache/*
*/wptsc-cachedir/*
.MirrorSearch
.cpanel/*.sock
.trash
access-logs/*
backup-*.tar.gz
logs/*
public_ftp/*
public_html/cache/*
site-*.tar.gz
softaculous_backups/*
tmp/*
lscache/*

Default Excludes

JetBackup 5 has certain files and folders that are excluded by default for the Home directory Backup Item depending on the panel installed. Please see the lists below to see which files and folders are excluded from all Accounts Backup Job.

NOTE: Some default exluded files/folders are backed up in other Backup Items. For example: The /mail folder for cPanel accounts will be integrated with the Email Account Backup Item. Having it excluded from Homedirectory backups will allow for efficient backups and avoid duplicates.

Schedules

Backup Job Schedules tells JetBackup the time and frequency a backup job will be executed as well as the number of backups to keep for the corresponding schedule (backup retention).

JetBackup gives you the option to set multiple schedules for each backup job. There are no extra overhead between backups with multiple schedules running at the same time as JetBackup will automatically mark each coinciding backup with the appropriate schedule types.

NOTE: Changing between schedule types may remove backups generated from the previous schedule type. Please review how to properly make changes on your schedule.

Create Schedule

You may create and/or modify Backup Job schedule(s) through the schedules section under the Backup Job configuration or by navigating to "Backup Jobs" > "Manage Schedules" > "+ Create New Schedule".
Example configuration page for a new schedule:

create new schedule

Schedule Name

Specify a unique name for your schedule. This will be used internally for your convenience.

Schedule Type

  • Hourly - Will be executed every X hours.
  • Daily - Will be executed on the days of the week you choose to execute the backup job.
  • Weekly - Will be executed once a week, on the day you choose to execute the backup job.
  • Monthly - Will be executed on the days of the month, from the 1st / 7th / 14th / 21st / 28th day you choose to execute the backup job.
  • After Backup job is done - The job depends on another Backup job to be finished, only then it will be executed. When this option is chosen, You can also set a "delay" in minutes/hours/days to wait before starting.

To safely change between schedule types, please add a new schedule on top of your existing schedule(s) and give your backup job ample time (the full retention length of your new schedule) to generate and correctly mark backups with the appropriate schedule type(s). You can then safely remove the previous schedule once the backup job runs for one full cycle of your retention.

Schedule Hours

With an Hourly Schedule Type, you may choose to execute the backup job every one/two/three/four/six/eight/twelve Hours.

Schedule Days

With a Daily/Weekly Schedule Type, you may choose which day(s) of the week to execute the backup job.
With a Monthly Schedule Type, you may choose to execute the backup job from 1st/7th/14th/21st/28th of the month.

Backup Retain

Backup Retain specifies how many backups to keep with the corresponding schedule type.

Schedule Time

With an /Daily/Weekly/Monthly Schedule Type, you may specify the time of day (based on your server local time) on when to execute the backup job.

Schedule Delay

With a After Backup/Clone/cPanel job is done Schedule Type, you may set how much time to delay a backup job in minutes/hours/days before executing the backup job.

Schedule Time

The time that you want all schedules to be executed.

Monitor

The Backup Job monitor is a feature that will allow JetBackup 5 to send alerts to your configured Notification Integrations for each of the following conditions:

  • Notify me if there were no backups for X Days
  • Notify me if backup runs more than X Days

Job Monitor Alerts will marked with the Critical Level.

Backup Job Settings

Click on the preferred Backup Job listed in the Backup Job section to expand and view the available backup job settings.

backup job settings


Enable Backup Job

Click on "Enable Backup Job" to toggle between enabling and disabling your backup job.

Manage Backup Job

Click on 'Manage Backup Job' to modify your backup job configuration.

Run Backup Job Now (Manual Backups)

Execute your Backup Job manually and on-demand.

Manually running backup jobs does not count towards your scheduled backup job rotation. To set the retention and TTL for manually executed backups, please visit Manual Backup Settings.

View Backup Logs

Click on 'View Backup Job' to see Logs associated to the selected Backup Job.

Duplicate Backup Job

Click on 'Duplicate Backup Job' to make a copy of the selected Backup Job.

Delete Backup Job

Click on 'Delete Backup Job' to Delete your job permanently.


Additional Information

Optimizing your backups on supported destinations

"Point-In-Time" incremental backups - For retentions on incremental backups, JetBackup generates "point-in-time" incremental backups that use as little space as possible (using hard links). For example, on a 2GB DirectAdmin account with 30-day backup retention, it will only consume 2GB + 30 Days worth of new/changed data.

For databases, JetBackup generates a full dump of the databases for the initial incremental backup. If the databases are modified, JetBackup will then generate a new full dump for the incremental backup. Otherwise, the previous snap of the database dump will be used in the incremental backup.

Incremental Backup Job Behavior

  1. The Initial FIRST Run of Incremental Backup Jobs may take a significantly longer time to finish as JetBackup generates the initial FULL Backup of your accounts.

  2. If a Backup Job remains processing and goes past its next expected schedule, JetBackup will recalculate the next run to the next "open" schedule upon completion.

    You may set a Backup Fork TTL under your JetBackup Performance Settings to limit how long (in hours) a single Backup Fork can process one account backup.

  3. Please note that manually running a Backup Job does not count towards your Scheduled Backups. JetBackup will generate a separate set of Backups (including the initial Full Backup) for both the Manual and Scheduled runs of your Backup Job.


Why are my backups marked as damaged?

If any issues are discovered during the integrity check of the backups, JetBackup will label those snapshot(s) as "Damaged". This indicates that one or more items in the selected backup are corrupted or did not transfer properly during backup and attempting to restore the account with these "Damaged" backups may result in unexpected errors/failures.


JetBackup Priority Systems

In JetBackup 5, there are 2 underlying priority systems at work which allows you to control how JetBackup prioritizes backups, restores & downloads. Both of which works so that the lower the value, the higher its priority on the queue. For more Information regarding JetBackup 5's priority systems, please CLICK HERE.

Priority Systems

Backup Queue and Concurrent Backup Jobs

In Jetbackup 5, the Queue utilizes a First in First out method in processing each tasks. It batches each tasks by its appropriate priority value across each Task Type (Backup, Restore, Download, Clone) and can simultaneously process tasks depending on the number of Concurrent Tasks set under Performance Settings.

Concurrent Backups

Limitations

Invalid characters

JetBackup can't restore files and/or directories with certain special characters or permissions.
For a list of recommended special characters and file permissions to avoid, please visit: Characters to Avoid when naming Files and Folders